Roles and organization

When staffing projects, start with the competencies, time and dedication the work requires, rather than from people’s positions in the line organization.

This provides greater flexibility when formulating the individual project’s organization. Often the same person can have several roles, so it is important to be clear on the roles each person has in various situations. The project organization is dynamic; its makeup changes often over time.

The purpose of role descriptions is to clarify the primary responsibilities of each individual in each project. However, just as in a sports team, these are not static and must overlap for good results. For a project to be successful, the people involved must fulfill their roles and work naturally together.


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